×

# Small Increments & Approximations – A Familiar-Looking Inverted Cone of Water

(9)
Tuition given in the topic of A-Maths Tuition Questions from the desk of at 7:07 pm (Singapore time)

Updated on

After thwarting the Persians with the three Spartans, Miss Loi will be busily lighting up many many joss sticks to ‘celebrate’ this long weekend!

To spice up your holidays, she will leave you with a commonly-asked question starring an enigmatic inverted cone of water that has been sighted many many times …

The diagram shows a vertical cross-section of an inverted cone of height 10 cm and base radius 6 cm. Water is poured in to a height of x cm.

1. Show that the volume, V cm3, of water in the container is (3π/25)x3 cm3.
2. Find the approximate increase in V when x increases from 3 to 3.02 cm.

Next time, instead of daydreaming at the water dispensor, why not think about how familiar the little cone you’re drinking from is going to be in your exam? 🙂

### Revision Exercise

To show that you have understood what Miss Loi just taught you from the centre, you must:

1. Mossie`Ol Chin commented in tuition class

2007
Apr
5
Thu
8:31pm

1

woah, that was challenging... been like almost 6 years since i last attempted such quesion.

let the unknown radius of the cone with x height be rx

by porportion,

rx = 6x/10

Therefore, by the cone formula

Vx = 1/3π(6x/10)^2*x
= (3π/25)x3

correct?

the 2nd part, Vx3.02-Vx3.00 or

3/25π[(x a)^3 - x^3)
= 3/25π[x^2a xa^2 a^3]

so, let x = 3 and a = 2, and u can solve for the differences.

correct?

hahaha... really been long since i ever did this man!!!

2. Miss Loi Friend Miss Loi on Facebook @MissLoi commented in tuition class

2007
Apr
5
Thu
11:47pm

2

Mossie you sure sound like an over-aged student!

Part 1 is correct as you rightly used similar triangles for the proving.

But Part 2 is WRONG! Wrong approach! Wrong formula! WRONG WRONG WRONG!!! *jumps up and down like a siow char bo*

So *tidies hair* I think your 6 years of rustiness is showing 🙂

Students, this question is still open - keep trying!

3. Mossie`Ol Chin commented in tuition class

2007
Apr
6
Fri
8:27am

3

hahaha... i can't imagine if my teacher ever jumps up and down, left and right like a siaw char boh...

4. Kiroii commented in tuition class

2007
May
5
Sat
2:22am

4

r = 3/5x
v= 1/3 π r^2 h
v= 1/3 π 9x^2/25 x
v= 3πx^3/ 25
v=3π/25)x3 (shown)

dv/dx = 9/3625π x^2 (thro quotion rule)
delta v = dv/dx times 0.2 (with x as 3)
delta v = 0.648 π
correcto?

5. Miss Loi Friend Miss Loi on Facebook @MissLoi commented in tuition class

2007
May
5
Sat
10:31pm

5

Kiroii, answer correcto but working a little incorrecto which Miss Loi already corrected in red for you. Judging by the time of your answer, think you're a bit sleepy lah.

Mossie see how the model student did it??? You can't just anyhow substitute the x values directly into the above volume formula!

You are finding the change in V (i.e. dV) with respect to a small change in x (i.e. dx) so you die die have to differentiate first!

6. 123 commented in tuition class

2007
Sep
30
Sun
1:45pm
7. Miss Loi Friend Miss Loi on Facebook @MissLoi commented in tuition class

2007
Oct
1
Mon
12:26am

7

Now that it's O-Level crunch time, more familiar 'must-do' questions will be coming your way.

Do ask your fellow sufferers friends to come here to get an idea of the commonly recurring questions and also burn some joss sticks! 😀

8. stupid question commented in tuition class

2007
Oct
23
Tue
12:52am

8

ok a stupid question. must memorise figure formulas anot ar. like cone. ok probably too late to ask.

9. Miss Loi Friend Miss Loi on Facebook @MissLoi commented in tuition class

2007
Oct
23
Tue
1:50am

9

But of course! How many times have you seen 1/3 πr2h served to you on a platter?

• ### Latest News

A New Year. A New Hope.

Hybrid joss sticks math tuition sessions are continuing to be conducted both online and onsite at Novena in 2024.

Please check our latest 2024 Jφss Sticks weekly secondary / O level maths group tuition schedule for updates.

Subscribe now to Miss Loi's Maths Exam Papers are now available for immediate online purchase.

* Please refer to the relevant Ten-Year Series for the questions of these suggested solutions.