*Puts on helmet*

*SHOWS STERN & MEAN FACE*

**Sounds bugle** EVERYBODY FALL IN!

Today’s drill is going to be a little longer (and tougher) than the previous one, since so many of you were tragically killed in action at logarithmic minefields over the years.

So to prevent yourself from adding to the end-of-year body count, get ready for Log PT!

PICK UP YOUR LOGS NOW! EXERCIIIIIIISE BEGIN!

*Cracks whip*

### The Laws of Logarithms

#### A. IF YOU DON’T KNOW THESE, CAN CLOSE SHOP & FORGET ABOUT THE REST!

For to be defined

`y`> 0 AND`a`> 0*This property is often used to select possible values of`y`when a logarithmic equation has more than one solution.- → This is what the
**log**key does on your calculator! - → This is what the
**ln**key does on your calculator! From (2) above, you can deduce that:

andFrom (3) above, you can deduce that:

and → many forget this!

#### B. THE OFT-MISUNDERSTOOD LAWS OF LOGARITHMS

**PRODUCT LAW:**

DON’T ever do these:

**→ WRONG!**

**→ WRONG!****QUOTIENT LAW:**

DON’T ever do these:

**→ WRONG!**

**→ WRONG!**

**→ WRONG!****POWER LAW:**

DON’T ever do this:**→ WRONG!**(note the brackets)**CHANGE-OF-BASE LAW:**DON’T ever do this:**→ WRONG!**

e.g. ≠ !

Instead it should be

#### SAMPLE PRACTICE QUESTIONS

Solve .

Ans:

→ using Change-of-Base Law from B(4) above (remember that`c`can be any arbitrary value)

→ using Power Law from B(1) and from A(2) the denominator .

.

→ using Power Law from B(1) again.

→ CAN cancel both sides since both logs are of the*same base*.

… the rest you should be able to solve on your own!The mass,

`m`of a radioactive substance, at time`t`days after being first observed, is given by the formula . Find the value of`t`when the mass is half of its value at`t`= 0.Ans:

When

`t`= 0, → somehow many fail to realize thisWhen

`m`is half of`m`when`t`= 0,

→*ln*both sides when you’re typically looking for a`x`in e^{x}

→ Using Quotient Law from B(2) for L.H.S. and Power Law from B(3) for R.H.S.

→ since ln 1 = 0 from A(3) and ln e = 1 from A(6) above

As usual, get these rules drilled into your head! Spot the pointers and common mistakes in red! Understand the representative sample questions! Check out this question for further practice!

Print this out if necessary and stay on the right side of the laws above – for if you don’t Sergeant Loi will literally tie you to a log and unleash unspeakable terrors (e.g. tickling your bare feet) upon you!

*Cracks whip!*

## 13 Comments

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Eh you all better listen up and do the logs as sergeant Loi say ok? If you all fail your IPPT this friday I will give sergeant Loi 3 extra duties.

Platoon Sergeant Ignorantsoup

(Eh I really PS)

曜

日

Huh IPPT? This is a mid-year exam boot camp - where extra duties is too lenient a punishment compared to being tickled alive while tied to a log!

曜

日

heng ah i used 2 b nt bad @ logarithms. wahaha. no tickling alive 4 me! 😀

曜

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Miss Loi! a fren of a fren of mine got tis pri 5 maths question...if ABC+ACB=CBA, what is A, B ,C?

waaahh pri sch maths qn so weird these days. :s

曜

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ABC+ACB=CBA?! Didn't know there are other Sergeant Lois around tormenting primary school kids with Matrices-like questions these days!

曜

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Ah Sergeant Loi, I've got other sergeants like you tormenting kids ma..One PS can have up to 4 sergeants. Haha

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PS Soupie:Sergeant Loi only serves one master - the holy High Priestess! How dare you suggest otherwise!Now take off your shoes and prepared to be tickled!

曜

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🙁 omg..tickle me then..

*takes off shoes and cries whilst looking at manly sergeant loi*

曜

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haha..

hmmm...

EHEH. *poke*

can set sec 2 one anot shiol?!

(=

saya pergi kolong blok one korner relac relac sup rokok shiol...

曜

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MR TOH KIAT SHENG,too little homework for you these days isit? Sec 2 will be covered under E-Maths notes (akan datang)P.S. Rokok? NO SMOKING IN CAMP!

曜

日

WHOAH SIAH LAH...

pai seh shiol, abang...

saya malayu lah bang,

sparking off racial riot now issit?

siah lah, deprive me of my malboro shiol...

)=

tmr headline news come out liao.(:

CHINESE tuition TEACHER DEPRIVE MALAY BOY! of his malboro. =D

曜

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miss loi... i think under ur Amath notes and tips about the logarithm part, there is some mistakes. u said y=lgx -> y =10^x .. i tink it sld be x = 10^y.

曜

日

Oh dear. Thanks

yanthofor pointing out the typo. Thisandthe lny=xpart next to it have been fixed.Sergeant Loi is going to get military court marshalled for this!