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Miss Loi is a full-time private tutor in Singapore specializing in O-Level Maths tuition. Her life's calling is to eradicate the terrifying

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Lyn Lee

Kranji Secondary School

## 34 Comments

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Joan takes 30 hours.

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James where's your working?!

Minus marks!!!

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alamak, gif question on April Fools' Day! Sure treat it as joke wan mah!

Nobody dare to answer on tat day, scared answer oredi got bombed. Today answer aso bombed. walau! hahaha.......

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oh, soli... soli... miss loi,

I said the b*** word twice. Pleeeease dun report me to the police.

Read this.

http://spawnily.livejournal.com/413020.html

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let joan's total time alone be x

1/15 + 1/x = 1/10

10x + 150 = 15x (using cross multiply)

150= 5x

x=30

joan requires 30 hrs

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Thanx for the workings, Kiroii.

In your haste (perhaps to impress Miss Loi haha), you didn't put in the plus signs!

For these kind of questions, Miss Loi always tell her students to look at it the other way round:

In ONE hour, assuming constant workrate

P.S. But in reality most people don't work like this coz we are not robots!

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aiyoh..just came across this. Isn't it simpler by just mulitplying to get 3 projects which the two of them will then take 30 hours. Since Bryan will take 15 hours per project, so in 30 hours he will finish 2, thus Joan will take 30 hours to finish that one project.... simple, right? no need for algebra, lazy or otherwise.

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Welcome to Jφss Sticks

Ashtonand thanks for contributing yourHeuristic Approach(if Miss Loi may humbly use this word in a sense - though she prefers to call thiscommon sense).What

Ashtonsaid is essentially this:***

Given that in 10 hours:

Brian + Joan does 1 x project in 10 hrs.

So in 30 hours:

But Brian alone does 2 x projects (since he can do 1 project in 15 hours)

⇒ Joane does the remaining 3-2 = 1 project in this 30 hrs

⇒ Joane alone takes 30 hrs to complete 1 project.

***

So to use this approach for this question, the onus is on the student to first:

Multiply Brian+Joan's hours (10 hrs) by a factor to make them > Brian's hour alone (i.e. 15 hours)

*multiplying by 3 in this case gives nice whole numbers to work with

However, this is something that weaker students (esp sec sch students who're suffering from the algebra mindset addiction syndrome in exam conditions) might not be able to see.

So some may find the

1/(Brian's hrs) + 1/(Joan's hrs) = 1/(Brian + Joan's hrs)

described here a more convenient 'formula', which incidentally, can still be used if the question has been changed to "Given that Jane takes 15 hours more than Brian to complete the project on her own ... ".

But ultimately, there's often more than one way to solve math problems, and it's nice to be able to highlight and discuss this in the comments box (which is the main purpose of this blog afterall), and at the end of the day students should follow whichever method that they are most comfortable with.

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Hi Miss Loi

I came across this page because I was reading about your "PSLE 1 Higher Education 0", of how PSLE maths questions seem to mirror those you are teaching at O and A levels. Fyi, this Brian & Jones type of question is commonly asked in PSLE and Primary School Maths Olympiad too..hehe, and students are taught using the lowest common factor to work out the solution.

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Yeap, knew you were coming from PSLE perspective upon seeing your method Are you a primary school cher?

It's amazing how many kids 'unlearn' the stuffs they've been taught in primary school (when algebra seems to be a taboo) once they're in secondary school. There must be a missing link somewhere.

Oh well ...

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i m from malaysia,secondary school 3rd years(form 3), what gred tis question belongs?

can i ask about tis question? i dun understand about tis question n the equation too.

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No lah...just a dad (with a psle-year boy and two younger ones) aspiring to be a super tutor. $20k or more - that's inspiring. Can qualify or not? My boy got lots of Maths Olympiad awards. Hey...how about a joint venture? Then we would have covered all grounds, from P1 to Sec 4...hehe.

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Selamat Datang ke Jφss Sticks

7inx! Have you read through comment #6 and reference the equation in comment #5? Do email Miss Loi directly if you're still not clear about this.Ashton:Sigh ... 20k seems to be the notorious figure in the tuition trade these days. For the record, Miss Loi most certainly didn't utter that magic number so your inspiration may have been misplaced.曜

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Aiyah, miss loi, you are just being humble. We all know temples are very rich one (it was reported in the papers in case you didn't know).

Btw, I always love to ask this question to all aspiring Maths tutors and established ones. Care to solve it?

Pat is twice as old as Chris was when Pat was as old as Chris is now.

If Pat is 24 now, how old is Chris now?

If this is too chicken feed for you, give it to your students and see how many can solve it...hehe...

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O_O ashton thats like an IQ question... for me its not enough infomation... lol

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Fail! The info is all there.

1st info: Pat is twice as old as when Chris was

2nd info: Pat is 24 years old now

3rd info: Chris was 12 years old then...

.....can solve? haha.

Since we are on the algebra page and for the lazy ones, based on the above 3 info, here goes:

PN = 2 CT (PN is of course Pat Now and CT is Chris Then)

PN = 24

CT = 12

.........

one more clue... PT = CN

another clue...PN - PT = ?

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PN = 24, CT = 12, PT = CN = 18

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WS

Like Ms Loi always says (from what i have read)...show your workings! hehe..I am getting the hang of being a tutor.

PN - PT = CN - CT

24 - CN = CN - 12

36 = 2 CN

CN = 18

....there you go.

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Aiyoh

Ashtonyou seem to have brought your band of brothers here in Miss Loi's absence - and you've presented the solution before The Order of The Temple has the chance to answer!Anyways, your question did cause some

~~headache~~stir amongst several members at The Temple but since the solution is out, Miss Loi shall just put up The Temple's way of solving this which may hopefully help all visualize things:The key lies in how we extract info from the dizzying sentence in the question and organize them into the two timelines via the keywords "was" and "is" i.e.

Filling up the table:

We can then clearly see that:

24 - X = X - 12 ⇒ X = 18

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Bravo, Miss Loi! So illuminating (must be the full moon effect).

Well, this gets me into the mood...

"The key lies in how we extract info..." Below is another question (this was asked during P4 maths lesson) that requires you to really know how to extract the info to solve.

Postman: How are your 3 daughters, Mr Lim?

Mr Lim: They are fine. Thank you.

Postman: How old are they now?

Mr Lim: The product of their 3 ages is 36. The sum of their ages is the same as my house number.

Postman: Err.. I can't figure it out.

Mr LIm: Well, my eldest daughter is waiting for her letter now.

Postman: Oh, I got it. Thanks

Can you get it?

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Answering in absence of members of the Temple...shh

'The product of their 3 ages is 36.'

That's the only relevant statement to the postman's query.

Unique expression of 36 as a product of 3 DIFFERENT factors is 36 = 2 x 3 x 6

& these 3 factors are the ages of Mr Lim's daughters.

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Ah kiddo, nice try.

But you didn't take into consideration the sum of their ages and that the postman would jolly well know the house number. So if it's 2, 3 & 6, the sum would be 11 (which would then be the house number) but the postman said he could not figure it out...

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What? Mr Lim's other statements are also relevant?

Well I forgot that 1 is a factor of every number.

So as product of different factors,

36 = 1 x 2 x 18

= 1 x 3 x 12

= 1 x 4 x 9

So these other factors may well be ages of 3 daughters too.

But just can't figure out how 'my eldest daughter is waiting for her letter now' ties in. Any more hints, ashton?

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You are almost there...

In Primary school (which like Miss Loi mentioned earlier, many who have graduated to Secondary have unlearned what was taught before), there is this method called "Guess and check".

Hint: The Postman knows the house number, yet he was stumped to come up with their ages till Mr Lim's last reply.

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We deduce house number is not 11 (= 2 + 3 + 6),

14 (= 1 + 4 + 9), 16 (= 1 + 3 + 12) or 21 (= 1 + 2 + 18)

but does that help?

The last reply that enlightened the postman is the statement that stumps me. What's the link between the eldest daughter's 'age' & 'letter'?

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Why don't you list down all the possible combinations?

Product Sum

1 1 36 = 38

1 2 18 = 21

1 3 12 = 16

1 4 9 = 14

1 6 6 = 13

2 2 9 = 13

2 3 6 = 11

3 3 4 = 10

Can you see something there?

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Thanks Ashton. Are their ages are 2, 2 and 9?

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Clap! Clap!

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On behalf of The Temple, Miss Loi would like to thank you

Ashtonfor making her miss her Channel 55/255 TVB drama just nowThis is exactly the sort of question which a P4 kid will answer with ease but on the other hand will leave an adult hopelessly stumped.

In any case, probably being a P4 kid at heart, Miss Loi believes she has the full answer and explanation (and just to prove that she

reallydoes know: you'll just have to imagine you're the postman who's supposed to know it all - right? RIGHT? ) but she shan't reveal it now coz she would like to pose this question to others in the meantimeWow the answer really JUMPED right out from the screen! Hahaha ...

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Well Miss Loi, while you and your devotees are having fun with this P4 question, let me pose just one more. So that those who are really keen, can have more fun over the weekend. (evil laugh....)

Four friends need to cross a bridge.

They start on the same side of the bridge.

A maximum of two people can cross at any time.

It is night and they have just one lamp.

People that cross the bridge must carry the lamp to see the way.

A pair must walk together at the rate of the slower person:

* Rachel: - takes 1 minute to cross

* Ben: - takes 2 minutes to cross

* George: - takes 7 minutes to cross

* Yvonne: - takes 10 minutes to cross

The second fastest solution gets the friends across in 21 minutes.

The fastest solution takes 17 minutes. Can you work out how it is done?

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I got the ans for the above qn liao... solved in 5 mins....

the 2nd faster solution:

Yvonne + Rachel = From A (Starting pt) to B (Ending pt). 10 mins

Rachel = From B to A. 1 min

George + Rachel = From A to B. 7 mins

Rachel = From B to A. 1 min

Ben + Rachel = From A to B. 2 mins

Total time spent= 10 + 1 + 7 + 1 + 2 = 21 mins

Fastest solution:

Ben + Rachel = From A to B. 2 mins

Rachel = From B to A. 1 min

Yvonne + George = From A to B. 10 mins

Ben = From B to A. 2 mins

Ben + Rachel = From A to B. 2 mins

Total time = 2 + 1 + 10 + 2 + 2 = 17 mins.

Tada!

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are those PSLE questions?erm...i dun understand the question Postman: How are your 3 daughters, Mr Lim?

Mr Lim: They are fine. Thank you.

Postman: How old are they now?

Mr Lim: The product of their 3 ages is 36. The sum of their ages is the same as my house number.

Postman: Err.. I can’t figure it out.

Mr LIm: Well, my eldest daughter is waiting for her letter now.

Postman: Oh, I got it. Thanks

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I don't understand why 24- x= x-12 then how to get 36?

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Simplify the problem. Look from doing 2 set of project instead.

1 project for B and J = 10 hrs

2 projects for B and J = 20 hrs

if 1 project for B = 15 hrs

then 1 project for J = 20 - 15 = 5 hrs.